In December, the death of 13 French soldiers in Mali was a stark reminder that our country has engaged a very tightly knit operation in this part of the world, bearing high risks.
Is there, in political terms, a common thread between these three situations? Yes, of course. The de facto withdrawal of the United States, or the confirmation of its absence in the Libyan case, the rise of Russia and regional powers, mainly Turkey, as well as the role of non-state actors of the "entrepreneurs of violence" type, including ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Syria, but also militias in Libya, terrorist groups in the Sahel, or even Russian or Syrian mercenaries, on the payroll of the Turks for the latter. It is hard to see how the French government could in these conditions escape dramatic revisions on these three battlegrounds, involving on a case-by-case basis the search for new partners (Russia, Turkey, NATO?), the launch of new strategic initiatives, or even a possible military disengagement, at least partially.