The undisciplined who wanted to discipline his people switched, against all odds, from the position of "local potentate" to that of father of the nation.
The dark side of Rodrigo Duterte’s pragmatism - the stick - targeted the criminal underworld and drug offenders. Human rights organizations, both local and international, as well as parliamentary inquiries shed light on the presence of death squads, composed of former soldiers, police officers and rebels, who killed criminals and delinquents whose names were on lists read out on the radio by the mayor of Davao a few days earlier. To date, no investigation has been able to definitively prove that Duterte was leading these death squads. Between 1998 and 2014, no fewer than 1,424 people were murdered by these squadrons, including 132 children.