Proposal n°1: Setting up a National Security Council (CSN) to the French Presidency
This institutional body would prepare decisions made by the President, by gathering policy-makers and meeting external experts. Its aim would be to ensure the emergence of strategic thinking and to oversee the coordination between internal and external security.
Proposal n°2: Formalising a national security doctrine,
which would ensure a new consistency of defence and internal security, and allow for the definition of an intervention doctrine (based on the modalities from means to exit crises to expected consequences).
Proposal n°3: Creating a Permanent Centre for Internal
Security Operations (CPOSI) under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior The CPOSI’s mission would be to process the national crisis inventory. In order to do so, its composition would have to be flexible in order to include experts external to the administration. It would be activated permanently to handle emergencies and to implement the long term strategy defined by the CSN. The structure would encourage a thorough review of feedbacks, develop functions of anticipation functions, foster the prevention of crises, analyse postcrisis measures and suggest solutions able to strengthen the nation’s resilience.
Proposal n°4: Reorganising internal intelligence
Regrouping the following structures within single internal intelligence departments:
- The General Directorate for Internal Security (DGSI) and the Services for Territorial Intelligence (SRT) would be merged into one Central Directorate for Internal and Territorial Intelligence (DCRIT).
- The Sub-Directorate for Operational Anticipation (SDAO, attached to the police force) and the Penitentiary Administration Intelligence Board would be under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior.
Creating practical bonds between the Ministry of the Interior and the General Directorate for Intelligence and Customs Enquiries (DNRED, attached to the Ministry of Finance).
At the central level, a dedicated coordinator within the CPOSI (Cf. proposal n°3), would ensure the link between all territorial feedbacks and the coordination of internal intelligence services.
Proposal n°5: Unifying intervention forces (GIGN, RAID, BRI) within one Special Intervention Force, competent over the entire national territory.
This force would be under the authority of a General Directorate for Operations, attached to the CPOSI of the Ministry of the Interior.
Proposal n°6: Creating an anti-terrorist Public
Prosecutor’s department provided with representatives throughout the national territory
Proposal n°7: Reinforcing military reserves
- Reserves and territorial networks: using reserves as a secondary force for security.
- Mobilisation of companies: without creating constraints, encouraging firms that would financially be able to, to take part in the nation’s effort.
- Valorisation of reservists’ duty time: the time and investments dedicated by reservists to duty could be compensated by a number of retirement days equivalent to the duty time performed. Their serving could also be considered as legitimate training time credit (Compte Personnel de Formation) and professional experience (Validation des Acquis de l’Expérience) that could be valued by an employer, via a skills passport whose inspiration would be based on the British model.
- Youth, army and reserve: creating bonds between the army and youth, as early as primary school and throughout university and grandes écoles.
Proposal n°8: Refocusing the General Administration for Defence and National Security (SGDSN) on ensuring the consistency of resources contributing to security on the national territory
- Ensuring the consistency between resources and the evolution of both society and threats.
- Ensuring the consistency of all resources allocated to the security of the national territory: establishing a clear employment doctrine for all different forces participating in territorial security in order to guarantee the equality of citizens before the law.
Proposal n°9: Adopting a law relative to the orientation and programming of national security.
It would approve a budget of national security spending that would amount to 3% of French GDP by 2025 (2% would be dedicated to defence; 1% to internal security). This law would also include elements of programming for justice, especially regarding the organisation and functioning of courts as well as the necessary building of new detention and de-radicalization centres.
Proposal n°10: Rethinking the European Union through the creation of a Union for Security.
Its priority missions would befighting terrorism, protecting infrastructures and controlling the EU’s external borders, by setting up a specific surveillance of the Mediterranean Sea and a coordinated policy of development regarding Africa and the Middle East. This new ambition and strategy would have to be proposed in a White Paper on European defence and security.
Proposal n°11: Within the framework of the Union for Security, there is a need to turn Frontex into the Union’s external borders police, provided with appropriate legal tools and constant troops. Its priority would be to control the Union’s external borders.
Proposal n°12: Consolidating and developing the European defence industry, through strengthened cooperation between Member States and their reaffirmed commitment through a Buy European Act.