In a world increasingly dominated by superpowers like the United States, China, Russia and India, and revolving around power politics, European states stand a better chance by sticking together.
First, member states have struggled to agree on the most important threats facing Europe. As the 2017 French Defense and National Security Strategic Review put it: "geography and history remain important factors in the manner in which European states rank threats and risks". For example, there is a historical divide between many of the Baltic and Central European states that classify Russia as the main threat to European security, when other countries such as France, Spain, Italy or Greece look to the South, in the Mediterranean and Africa. A common analysis of threats facing Europe is nevertheless necessary if we are to move forward in cooperation on security and defense issues.