Several trends from China have converged in 2020, creating an international shockwave and rising to the top of foreign policy priorities.
Indeed, the lines of confrontation were not always drawn so clearly. The concept itself appeared by accident after the December 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami as a coalition of able providers of emergency assistance. The Obama administration initiated from 2010 its "Pivot to Asia" as a response to Chinese assertive moves and to North Korea’s nuclear project. Yet it endorsed neither an Indo-Pacific concept nor a strategic Quad.