Nuclear energy, which is responsible for one quarter of Europe’s electricity generation and slightly less than half of its carbon-free generation, makes Europe the most reliant continent on nuclear power in the world.
However, beyond increasing the volume of electricity generation that is not reliant on Russian gas, the measures recommended by the IEA would also avoid a rise in coal usage. Each additional MWh of nuclear power helps to limit the use of coal, which is set to increase in the short and medium term as a result of measures to reduce Russian gas consumption. We need only to look at Germany for evidence of this reality. The country has just reopened its coal-fired plants, in order to prevent resuming its three recently shut down reactors, or postponing the scheduled stoppage of its three remaining commissioned reactors.