The state has weakened the economic situation of millions of rural people, which partly explains the return of poverty reported in 2019.
India is facing another latent contradiction that the Covid-19 crisis has brought to light in the rural economy. Agriculture has been neglected by successive governments which, for three or four decades, have focused on the symbols of modernity that were the industry and services (especially IT). Not only has the state failed to invest in infrastructure (roads, irrigation, etc.) and craftsmanship has stagnated (it accounts for 17% of the rural economy), but the government has also chosen to pay low wages for the work of peasants farmers.