In most West African countries, measures have been set halfway between freedom of movement and total lockdown.
The lockdown is therefore limited to certain hours. In addition, social distancing measures have been taken during the day, such as a ban on all gatherings, the imposition of a minimum distance of one metre in public transports, and the closure of many markets and all public spaces, among others. The government hopes to take measures gradually as the situation evolves. Communications on the threat posed by Covid-19 were initiated fairly quickly. In this respect, the fact that the epidemic spread to Europe after China gave African countries some time to anticipate the virus’ arrival. It is also the first pandemic of this magnitude to have been the subject of exceptional media coverage, in the age of social media.