On a continent where one in three Africans still currently lives below the global poverty line, the consequences of climate change are expected to be direct and indirect.
First, in Africa, climate change has direct impacts on infrastructure, as well as indirect consequences on essential supply chains for food and other essential goods and exports. Efforts to adapt to these realities need to be enhanced. For instance, Mozambique has been hit by frequent cyclones causing widespread flooding and damage to its infrastructure. Some of this may well be the cause of political conflict in Mozambique at present. A recent McKinsey Global Institute study highlighted the vulnerability of global infrastructures in the face of climate change, most notably concluding that, by 2050, between 500 and 2,200 flights could be grounded every year because of climate change.