The 2022 French presidential campaign highlighted the centralized nature of a vertical presidential power system. Power concentration in the hands of a single individual exacerbates partisan divisions and institutional distrust. Can co-leadership foster unity and heal a wounded democracy? Blanche Leridon, Institut Montaigne’s Editorial Director, spearheaded this series on political power-sharing to find answers. From the US to Spain, without forgetting India or Russia, our articles take a look into emblematic leadership duos that emerged.
Seeing Double: Reflections on France
Analysis by Blanche Leridon
Are political duos effective alternative to the solitary and centralized exercise of power?
"First in a village or second at Rome?"
Spanish presidents versus regional barons régionaux
Analysis by Benoît Pellistrandi
Spanish democracy is characterized by a constant tension between regional governments and the national government. In this new episode of our series on political duos and power sharing, historian Benoît Pellistrandi tells how David can overcome Goliath.
The Mattarella-Draghi Italian Duo
Analysis by Marc Lazar
The Mario Draghi / Sergio Mattarella duo led Italy since 2021. What were the strengths of this tandem born in the midst of the crisis?
The Bennett-Lapid Duo: a Short-Lived Union
Analysis by Samy Cohen
Israel resorted to a rotation system since the early 1980s as a response to the regime’s high instability. The latest attempt, uniting Bennett and Lapid against Netanyahu, was short-lived but did not prevent the coalition from making real political progress.
Germany's Getting-to-Power Couple: Robert Habeck and Annalena Baerbock
Analysis by Roderick Kefferpütz
Power sharing is a fundamental characteristic of the German Green Party. It articulates numerous binomials of which the one successfully formed by Robert Habeck and Annalena Baerbock.
Vice President, Almost President?
Analysis by Amy Greene
What has been the role of the US Vice President?