The coronavirus crisis marks a great comeback of the European Union Member States. Faced with a pandemic for which it was unprepared, the European Union chose to take a step back. The suspension of budgetary rules and competition law, the re-establishment of borders and the suspension of the main freedoms of the European Union gave the Member States back their sovereignty. During the crisis, the States thus regained their ability to make decisions in exceptional circumstances.
Germany, a Resilient Model
Austria and the Road to a "New Normal"
Spain: a War without Bombs
The United Kingdom and the Price of Leniency
The Italian Archetype
Poland, Between Reactivity and Opportunism
Self-Discipline Rather Than Lockdown: The Swedish Strategy
Putting the Danish Model to the Test
Estonia, Digital Technology in Action
The "Intelligent Lockdown" Gamble of the Netherlands
France: a Health and Trust Crisis
Portugal: Health Crisis in Check. Next Up, Political Crisis?
Greece, an Unexpected Model
Switzerland and the Principle of Responsibility
The Czech Republic: Masks, But For How Long?