On November 16th, the European Council approved the European Commission's Proposal for an Instrument on the protection of the EU and its Member States from economic coercive measures. The amended proposition is now in the last negotiation phase between the Commission, the Council and the Parliament. Can Europe successfully deter economic coercion? This is a key question for the future of EU-China relations, even though the European instrument is not China-specific. Our series compiles analyses by 4 experts looking into anti-coercion efforts.
Effective Deterrence? The Coming European Anti-Coercion Instrument
Analysis by Mathieu Duchâtel
The EU's anti-coercion instrument (ACI) is about to be finalized — a sign of a growing awareness among EU Member States of the need to be better equipped against the weaponization of trade relations and interdependence by third countries.
Europe and Economic Coercion: Preparing for the next European Parliament
Analysis by Francesco Galietti
This piece belongs to a series of regrouping four analyses on the European Union's anti-coercion measures.
Europe and Economic Coercion: Compensation and Solidarity
Analysis by Luke de Pulford
Although the EU's anti-coercion instrument has potential, it still needs to be improved to effectively counter trade weapons deployed by China and other important outside players.
Hope for the Best, Prepare for the Worst: How the European Union Can Address China's Economic Coercion
Analysis by Luke Patey
As the European Union designs and deploys its anti-coercion instrument to hamper initiatives by other big powers to limit its trade, Luke Patey walks us through the lessons the Union can take to render this instrument effective for the future.