Marlene Laruelle is Research Professor and Director of the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES) at the George Washington University. Prof. Laruelle is also Director of the Illiberalism Studies Program at GW. She works on the rise of populist and illiberal movements in post-Soviet Eurasia, Europe and the US. Trained in political philosophy, she explores how an illiberal grassroots culture is taking shape in different cultural contexts. She has recently published Is Russia fascist? Unraveling Propaganda East West (Cornell University Press).