In law, these forces depend on state governors, the vast majority of which are anti-Bolsonaro. However, these "armed militias" are much closer to the ideas of the current president than to their supervisory authorities of the state governors. What would the military police do if the legislative and judiciary powers managed to implement an impeachment process against Bolsonaro for corruption or incompetence, as with the previous case against Dilma Rousseff?
The Latin American "backyard"
Brazil’s weight in Latin America is so significant that when this giant struggles, everything struggles. "Brazil is the country of the future and always will be," said the general de Gaulle with both pessimism and humor in the 1960s. In Brazil today, fear has replaced the hope that had existed during a short period from the Cardoso years (president from 1995 to 2003) to the beginning of the Lula years, who seemed, at least initially, to expand and extend the work of his predecessor.
There is another question for Brazil which also applies to the continent as a whole. It is, of course, that of relations with the United States. It is certainly difficult to see that Trump’s America is giving lessons in responsibility to Bolsonaro’s Brazil.
The paradox is that after having done far too much for decades, if not centuries, North America may not be doing "enough" with South America. The former has taken its distance from its Latin American "backyard," allowing China to partly take its place.
Largely alone and divided against itself and its demons – extreme violence, corruption, social and racial inequalities, and without forgetting the basis of everything: poverty aggravated by the falling prices of hydrocarbons and raw materials in general – the continent seems to be sliding.
There is more poverty in Africa, but there is also more hope there than in Latin America, perhaps the most desperate of all continents in the time of Covid-19.
Avec l'aimable autorisation des Echos (publié le 22/06/2020)
Copyright : MICHAEL DANTAS / AFP