It is not just industry - it is Europe's sovereignty, particularly its digital sovereignty, that is at stake. Europe's ambitions first of all, of course, bring up the question of budget. The European Space Agency (ESA) announced an increased budget, but the latest draft of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) presented by the Commission on May 27, mentions an EU space budget of 15 billion, a decrease of 1 billion compared to the Commission's previous budget. The European leap into space may not seem self-evident, even if the latest statements by the European Commissioner for Space (among others!), Thierry Breton, demonstrate great ambition. But for the moment, since the February 2020 Institut Montaigne policy paper, it cannot be said that the "European leap" has actually happened. The first elements of a response were announced in July, with, it is hoped, a sharp increase in the EU's space budget to finance new projects.
The Oneweb case (an Internet constellation undergoing recovery and bought by a consortium involving the UK government and an Indian telecommunications operator) is emblematic. Europe had its turn with it and is announcing a possible project based on more advanced technologies (notably quantum). In the meantime, space is going to be profoundly shaped by the forthcoming entry into service of the first broadband constellations. Europe cannot just be on the sidelines with these developments.
Finally, on the one hand it is clear that in this ever-shifting landscape, the United States is quickly moving the goalposts with proposed new rules of the road in orbit, and even the beginning of a new international framework for presence on the Moon, with the Artemis Agreements. On the other hand, there is no clear vision for Europe regarding its presence in space, even though they are essentially a regulatory power. But in order to have an influence on the rules, Europe must impose itself in the proceedings.
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