Germany pays more attention than France to downplaying conflicts with China and seeks a more "inclusive" Indo-Pacific, including the possibility of cooperation with China on issues like climate change.
The German strategy, however, reflects Germany’s reluctance to align with Washington. In this sense, the guidelines echo the refrain often heard in Berlin: "we don’t want to choose sides between the US and China". Germany opposes both unipolarity and bipolarity in the Indo-Pacific and doesn’t specify what role, if any, it expects the US to play. This German assessment of transatlantic cooperation vis-à-vis China reflects distrust towards the Trump administration and may change in case of a Biden administration. France prefers the language of "balancing power" (puissance d’équilibre) – which in practice means contributing to the overall power balance by siding with those affected by the rise in Chinese military power and political influence.