On the Ethiopian side, it is of obvious economic interest, not so much for the access to the Eritrean market, which is modest, but for the access to its ports [...] On the Eritrean side, peace is not only beneficial: it had become a necessity.
On the Eritrean side, peace is not only beneficial: it had become a necessity. The regime no longer had much choice to avoid asphyxiation: since the closure of the Sudanese border in early 2018, the only one that could still provide it with supplies, Eritrea was in a very difficult economic situation - which indirectly constituted a risk for Isaias' continued power. Not because the population would have risen - it has been broken for many years - but because some members of the regime could have attempted a coup d'état, in particular the generals commanding the regions whose loyalty is only guaranteed because Isaias allows them to enrich themselves personally through various trafficking. Isaias' main motivation is therefore to maintain his power and the survival of his regime.