Sources : Ipsos - Our World In Data
92% of French respondents believed that poverty had increased or remained stable since the 1990s. Only Hungarians, Italians and Japanese were more pessimistic than French respondents on this subject. In short, contrary to what all the expertise and figures showed, French respondents did not believe in reducing extreme poverty in the world. This French pessimism about global social and economic developments is reflected at the national level: 80% of French people wrongly believed in 2015 that inequalities had increased in France in the previous five years!
In France: transformed poverty in one of the wealthiest countries
However, and despite a feeling of downgrading, France is still ahead in terms of GDP per capita. In France, as in Germany, Finland and Norway, at the poverty line of $5.5 per day, only 0.2% of the population is affected, compared to 10 times more in high-income countries in general. While in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP), the French population does not know the extreme wealth levels of Qataris, Swiss, Luxembourgers or Norwegians, they are still above the average of the European Union or the OECD, in PPP or common currency. In half a century, this GDP per capita will have increased almost fourfold (in PPP).