The feeling of a ‘blocked’ France, where social destiny is a foregone conclusion, is predominant in public opinion - and (paradoxically) one that used to be the main focus of the Macronian project. The groups most affected by inequalities and most exposed to the new risks of globalization quickly considered that the promised "revolution" would not fundamentally improve their situation. This total misunderstanding became evident at the time of the reform of social security contributions: on the one hand, the government was constantly working on improving purchasing power; on the other, there was a widely felt frustration with the fact that this increase would only result in an extra few dozen euros per month on the pay slip. The same scenario occurred with the partial and progressive abolition of the housing tax, the announcement of the plan to combat poverty, or the "reste à charge 0" (the integral reimbursement of certain dentures, hearing aids, and glasses). Long before the Yellow Vests movement, multiple signs clearly indicated a significant break in the beam that had united Emmanuel Macron to those who expected a pragmatic politician, who could solve problems and help them to emancipate from inequalities.
This break was a major breach of confidence, as shown by Emmanuel Macron’s popularity curves, which almost reached François Hollande’s low levels of popularity in December. The challenge for Emmanuel Macron is now to try to reweave all, or at least part, of this beam. All of his recent speeches and statements aim towards this goal. On this matter, the analysis of his speech delivered at the Elysée on 25 April before the Q&A session with journalists is very telling. This text, which covers many topics, would require several analyses. There are indeed multiple ways of uncovering semantic secrets. But even before that, it is worth noting that the presidential speech is based on a subtle game of smoke and mirrors. Indeed, presented as a great breakthrough ("nothing will be the same as before"), this speech is in fact a revival of Emmanuel Macron's initial project. A political tactician in the best sense of the phrase, the President is also a good dialectician: as in judo, he uses the power of his opponent to better overthrow him. In tennis, it's called playing "McEnroe-style", i.e. taking the ball at the top of the bounce and letting the opponent wear himself out by trying to add effects or hitting the ball hard. Indeed, let there be no mistake: Emmanuel Macron has not given up on any significant aspect of his initial project. Merit, work, the call for French values, a society of equity over that of unwarranted advantages, the modernization of the State and the reflection on its perimeter, a new "act of decentralization", are just a few examples of the elements that punctuated, either explicitly or implicitly, the presidential speech of April 25. The question arises as to whether the latter was a reminder of Emmanuel Macron's original project, or merely that of the appearance of this project. In other words, has his initial project adapted to the end of the Yellow Vests crisis, or has it been called into question more fundamentally? Unless the initial Macronism is sufficiently malleable per se to reshape itself according to contexts and events.