What’s the Plan?
Japan’s current nationally determined contribution (NDC) for the year 2030 is to "reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) by 26% from the 2013 level". This target was submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat in July 2015. The base year 2013 was chosen specifically because it was a year when Japan’s GHG emissions surged as a result of the replacement of nuclear power plants by fossil fuel power plants. This replacement took place just after the Tōhoku earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power accident in March 2011.
After the Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015, the Japanese government established the Plan for Global Warming Countermeasures (hereinafter "the Plan") in May 2016. While the Long-term Strategy under the Paris Agreement as Growth Strategy, approved by the Cabinet in June 2019, can be considered as the mid-century emission strategy requested by COP21, the Plan is the foundation for concrete policies and measures to be taken to achieve the NDC by the year 2030.