Regarding the electoral processes, President Kagame suffered a major setback. Last month, he convened an AU meeting to discuss the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He wanted to impose on Kinshasa a recount of the presidential election votes but was unable to obtain it. Worse, President Kagame, who had planned to lead a delegation to Kinshasa, had to renounce his mission because of the official proclamation of the presidential election results. And because of the reluctance, to say the least, of Southern African Development Community (SADC), the southern African region chaired by South Africa, to endorse his approach. SADC simply called for calm in the DRC, considering President Kagame's initiative as null and void.
No one within the African Union forgets the enmities between Paul Kagame and his former protégé, Joseph Kabila, as well as his role in the destabilization of Congo. In Kinshasa, including in the ranks of the opposition to President Kabila, it was ironic that President Kagame, re-elected three times in a row with Soviet-style scores and the right to run until 2034, could still manipulate the presidential election in DRC.
As for the pan-African peacekeeping force desired by Kagame, it has certainly been launched but requires considerable financial and human resources. The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Chadian Moussa Faki Mahamat, considered close to President Kagame, has launched a $400 million fund to manage conflicts. To date, 60 million have already been collected.
Finally, Paul Kagame has failed to strengthen the powers of the AU Commission, although he has succeeded in streamlining its functioning by reducing the number of commissions from 8 to 6.
Egyptian Prime Minister Mustapha Madbouli stressed the need for Egypt to use its AU presidency to bring African countries closer together. What is the current state of this relationship?