The anger stems from the impoverishment of a whole range of groups, including the middle classes; from the precarity that affects young people and those with a lower level of education; from the deepening of inequalities.
The backdrop to the crisis is one of distrust towards institutions and political leaders, observed in most countries, albeit with varying degrees of intensity. In our current situation, it is even more difficult for citizens to believe what governments say, to accept their decisions, to respect their instructions. As we know, our European democracies are going through a phase of exhaustion. The fatigue is reinforced by populist parties, which stop short of calling for riots or justifying a resort to violence, but are tempted to fan the flames, all while "pandemic deniers" proliferate on social media. There are always more or less well-organized groups willing to rush into the streets, to confront law enforcement and to loot and destroy: ideological groupings of the far-right or far-left that pursue various political objectives, traffickers and delinquents who can no longer carry out their activities because of confinement or curfews, youth gangs that spend their time fighting, etc.