An average increase of half a degree in the planet’s temperature would result in a 10 to 20% increase in the risk of deadly conflicts around the world.
Northern Nigeria has been experiencing recurrent waves of drought linked to climate change since the early 1970s. These have resulted in the Sahara desert creeping ever closer, with a rate of land desertification estimated at over 350,000 hectares a year. This process intensifies existing tensions between shepherds and farmers in search of land that can sustain them, or at least allow them to survive. The ensuing violence has undoubtedly favored the settling of jihadist groups like Boko Haram.