The UK had the wisdom to underpin its mixed funded higher education system by income contingent student loans, the system of tuition funding that is recommended by Institut Montaigne for France.
The scheme is structured so that former students do not have to pay back the costs of their tuition until their incomes reached the threshold that triggered repayment through the tax system. This means that graduates can choose to have children or work in low-income occupations without penalty, and repayment through taxation means that at no stage do either students or graduates have to pay for tuition costs in cash terms. The impact of tuition charges on access is negligible and higher education enrolments have continued to grow, except for part-time students obliged to pay during the year of study. This financial structure has allowed the government to set a high standard fee, now £9250 per annum.