Whether India succeeds in maintaining its development growth while decarbonizing its economy will influence other developing countries' transition paths.
India's energy mix can already count on almost 40% of clean energy generation. Still, it is heavily dependent on coal (50%) and coal dependency will continue for many years. This reality has led to a serious "developed countries vs India and China" debate over the wording "phase out" or "phase down" of coal use in the Glasgow Climate Pack. It has political significance, especially when geopolitics is more present than ever in the climate arena: the call for differentiation is always at the forefront of any enhanced relationship between Europe and India on climate change.