For Japan, geopolitical competition, rather than natural disasters or global health crises, is the new risk to address in order to avoid losing access to items that are essential to the country’s economy.
This perspective gives way to a vision which stands in contrast to the EU’s emphasis on strategic autonomy. METI’s starting point is Japan’s relative power in the international system, and its need to resist geopolitical shockwaves. To answer this need, Japan’s policies should position the country as an indispensable actor in the global supply chain: Japan itself should own chokepoints to immunize itself from hostile leverage. In this context, Japan wants to be an indispensable partner in a triangular interdependent relationship with the United States and Europe. This resolutely Western outlook is a strategic choice.