A muddled understanding of a country’s less advantaged regions, plays in the disfavor of millions of citizens, renders public policy ineffective, and fosters discrimination.
Though this urban policy has been around since the late 1980s - early 1990s, the situation in QPVs has not necessarily changed. Numerous projects and operations have been put in place in efforts to improve the state of QPVs: the Habitat et vie sociale operation in the late 1970s; the Priority Education Zones (ZEPs), in the early 1980s, streamlining education resources to disadvantaged areas; the National plan for urban renovation (PNRU), etc. In fact, each government has had its own next brilliant idea for these districts. The problem is that each of these plans has focused on welfare and housing, without prioritizing a better redistribution of resources and economic tools that would ensure long-term citizen empowerment.